tCO2e GHG avoided vs coal
tonnes of Carbon stored in Geothermal Reservations
hectares forest protected
tonnes C02 forest carbon captured
species of fauna
species of mangrove monitored
kilos of compostable waste
kilos of residual waste
kilos of recyclable waste collected during monthly coastal clean-ups
hectares marine protected areas supported
First Gen Clean Energy Complex received the following awards:
First Gen ensures that all pertinent Philippine environmental laws with regulations are complied with. First Gen power plants managed by FGPC, FGP, FNPC, EDC FGHydro and FGBukidnon maintain and Environmental Management Systems all certified with ISO 45001:2015. The EMS of these power plants are audited by their certifying bodies on a yearly basis.
The policy for the assessment of environmental aspects and impacts, and establishment of programs for environmental protection and preservation are included in the Environment and Occupational Safety and Health (ESH) Policy signed by Chairman Federico R. Lopez and President Francis Giles B. Puno.
First Gen is committed to delivering power reliably to the grid by ensuring the availability of natural resources when needed by the power plants. Guided by the Sustainability Policy, the Company manages the use of natural resources not only to sustain fuel sourcing but also to contribute to environmental conservation and protection.
The materials First Gen uses in its operations are composed of:
(GRI 303-1, 303-2, 303-3, 303-4, 303-5, 306-1, 306-3, 306-5)
First Gen sources its water from deep wells, water concessionaires, watershed areas, and bodies of water near the power plants. The Company utilizes water throughout its various processes, namely:
All of First Gen’s power plants have specific wastewater treatment implemented. These power plants monitor and treat their wastewater before discharging it as allowed under law.
The seawater used by thermal plants for condenser cooling employs a once-through system and is returned to the sea. Wastewater treatment facilities are provided to comply with effluent quality before discharge to receiving bodies of water.
Effluent quality is regularly monitored before discharge in compliance with the Water Quality Guidelines and General Effluent Standards of 2016.
|2019 Data||Extraction (in ML)||Consumption (in ML)||Discharge (in ML)||Discharge destination|
|Santa Rita||601,909.6||116.5||601,793.1||Batangas Bay|
|San Lorenzo||265,169.0||239.1||264,929.9||Batangas Bay|
|San Gabriel||243,156.4||30.6||243,125.9||Batangas Bay|
|Agusan||38,739.7||0||38,739.7||Agusan River in Bukidnon|
|Pantabangan-Masiway||3,312,685.3||3.3||3,312,682.0||Upper Pampanga river|
|EDC (Power Plants and Head Office)||2,079.2||-||-||-|
|RBC Head Office||2.9||0||2.9||-|
(GRI 306-2, 306-4)
The Company, together with its O&M contractors, established an integrated waste management program to ensure that hazardous and non-hazardous wastes are stored, transported, treated and disposed of according to regulatory requirements and standards. Due diligence of third-party service providers is carried out in compliance with regulatory requirements.
Hazardous and non-hazardous wastes are generated from different processes in the power plant and from various activities in administrative offices. First Gen routinely monitors and disposes the waste it generates via varying methods.
|HAZARDOUS WASTES (in tonnes)|
|2019 (in tonnes)||2018 (in tonnes)||543.5||160.9|
|NON-HAZARDOUS WASTES (in tonnes)|
|2019 (in tonnes)||2018 (in tonnes)||1,393.1||4,957.7|
|Disposal method||2019 (in tonnes)|
|Solidification / Encapsulation||2.8|
(GRI 302-1, 302-2, 302-3, 302-4)
Energy is essential to the operation of First Gen’s power plants. While First Gen produces power, it also monitors its fuel consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources, as well as the electricity consumed by the organization. It also optimizes the use of electricity through programs and projects on energy reduction such as consumption monitoring, conservation programs, information campaigns, and use of solar panels.
|2019 (in GJ)||2018 (in GJ)|
|RBC Head Office||5,349.7||6,036.0|
|EDC - Head Office and power plants||95,637,665.5||101,047,937.9|
|Total energy Consumption outside the organization (GJ)||47,452.7||50,581.5|
|Plants||Power Generation (GJ)||Total Energy (GJ)||Net Energy Output (MWh)||Product EI*||Over-all EI**|
|RBC Head Office||0.0||5,349.7||-||-||-|
|EDC - Head Office and power plants||189,875,150.9||95,637,665.5||8,021,890.0||23.7||12.0|
|First Gen (Over-all)||280,684,142.1||136,084,107.0||22,299,070.0||12.6||6.1|
*Power Generation (GJ) / Net Energy Output (MWh)
**Total Energy (GJ) / Net Energy Output (MWh)
The Company also utilized other energy reduction initiatives:
For 2019, there has been no reduction in energy requirements of products and services.
First Gen continues to implement energy reduction programs such as consumption monitoring, conservation programs, information campaigns, and use of solar panels. First Gen also uses technology to mitigate and lessen the greenhouse gas emissions it produces. For the total energy consumed for 2019, 72% (97,239,528.33 GJ) were from renewable sources while 28% (36,929,468.67 GJ) were from Non-renewable sources.
(GRI 305-1, 305-2, 305-3, 305-4, 305-5, 305-6, 305-7)
The Company ensures that monitoring systems are in place and complies with the Point Source Emission Standards of the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 and its implementing Rules and Regulations (DAO 2000-81) by maintaining the Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS) to measure real time plant emissions. Indirect emissions along with emissions due to service rentals and transport network vehicle service bookings are accounted.
|SITE||SCOPE 1 (tonnes CO2 eq)||SCOPE 2 (tonnes CO2 eq)||SCOPE 3 (tonnes CO2 eq)||EMISSION INTENSITY|
|RBC Head Office||64.8||180.6||-||719.3||16.0||10.0||-||-|
|Company||Initiative or Program||GHG reduced or saved (tonnes CO2e)||Scope Affected||Method and assumptions used to calculate energy savings|
|Santa Rita, San Lorenzo, San Gabriel & Avion||Solar Project - Phase 1||3.5||Scope 1||Actual Electricity Generated for the Period|
|Agusan||Energy Conservation Program||3.1||Scope 1||Subtracted the 2019 consumption from 2018 consumption|
|Burgos||Burgos Temfacil Solar Rooftop Project||0.7||Scope 1||Actual Electricity Generated for the Period|
|RBC Head Office||Electricity Consumption Shift to Renewable Energy||890.3||Scope 2||Actual Electricity Generated for the Period|
|Amount (in tonnes)|
|Carbon Monoxide (CO)||1,106.4|
|Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)||3,386.3|
|Sulfur Oxides (SOx)||185.7|
|Particulate Matter (PM)||186.3|
(GRI 304-1, 304-2, 304-3, 304-4)
Apart from complying with environmental laws, the Company also implemented programs geared toward environmental protection and biodiversity conservation in the environment surrounding its power plants.
The Company has the following biodiversity projects:
The different aspects of EDC’s stewardship responsibility for the watershed areas inside the geothermal reservations is translated into the BUFFER framework, which stands for:
The state-of-the-art forest protection program called the Lawin Forest and Biodiversity Protection System also helps ensure healthy forest cover in the watersheds.
|Sites||Biodiversity Value||Impacts on Biodiversity|
|577.1 hectares of Leyte Geothermal Project located in Ormoc/Kananga, Leyte||Anonang Lobi-Range Key Biodiversity Area overlaps with the development block. Lake Danao Natural Park (Republic Act No. 11038) is also adjacent to the Development Block||For 2019, a total of 380 trees were cut covered by two Tree Cutting Permits for the Pad MGM and Brine Plant Development - Mahanagdong A. Also a Private Land Timber Permit covered the cutting of 12 trees for the landslide mitigating measure project. For the trees cut, a replacement ratio of 1:100 has been complied.|
|330.1 hectares of Bacon Manito Geothermal Project in Sorsogon City/Manito, Albay||Bacon Manito Key Biodiversity Area overlaps with the Development Block||None|
|230.9 hectares of Southern Negros Geothermal Project in Valencia, Negros Oriental||Cuernos de Negros Key Biodiversity Area overlaps with the Development Block. Balinsasayao Twin Lakes Natural Park (Republic Act No. 11038) is located adjacent to the Development Block.||For 2019, four (4) hazardous trees were cut covered by Tree Cutting Permit.|
|120.4 hectares of Mt. Apo Geothermal Block in Kidapawan, North Cotabato||Mt. Apo Natural Park (Republic Act 9237) is adjacent to the Development Block||For 2019, Forty (40) trees were cut for the binary project with a total area covered of 0.84 hectares. The cutting of trees is covered by Tree Cutting Permit with replacement ratio of 1:50 since the trees cut are planted trees.|
First Gen implemented these programs with the participation of its local communities and employees. Additionally, the Company also secures necessary permits prior to conducting expansion projects that can alter the power plant’s surrounding environment. Through these programs, First Gen is able to protect and conserve marine and forest areas, while providing livelihood opportunities to local communities.
Center of the Center
Way back in 2004, First Gen has been implementing the Center of the Center, a marine conservation program, covering 101.93 hectares located in Verde Island Pass, Batangas. The program, in partnership with the Batangas Provincial Government – Environment and Natural Resources Office, and ABS CBN Lingkod Kapamilya, supports the Bantay Dagat (sea watch volunteers) in the Province of Batangas in their conduct of marine law enforcement in their respective municipal waters. In 2016, First Gen provided operational support to the Bantay Dagat from the Municipalities of Tingloy and Lobo while assistance in livelihood program was accorded to the Bantay Dagat in the Municipality of Mabini.
The program has also strengthened capability building and awareness, and granted incentives that resulted to:
BINHI Forest Restoration
BINHI is the nationwide greening program of the Energy Development Corporation (EDC). Its aim is to restore denuded forests, preserve and propagate threatened native tree species, and protect biodiversity to leave a legacy of a verdant Philippines for the next generation. It covers its geothermal project sites: Albay and Sorsogon; Leyte; Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental; and North Cotabato and Davao del Sur as well as the non-geothermal areas (Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija; Ilagan, Isabela; and Burgos/Solsona, Ilocos Norte), and the Frontier Areas (Misamis Occidental, Camarines Norte, Misamis Oriental, Davao del Sur.) The partnership of EDC with various farmer associations in the various EDC sites, led to the reforestation of 9,449 hectares of watershed areas in its project areas and other areas outside of the company’s operations from 2009 to 2019.
In 2019, 30 hectares of lands in BacMan and Mt Apo Geothermal Projects and 70 hectares of grasslands in Pantabangan-Masiway Hydro Power Project were planted with indigenous forest and fruit trees. Also, 2,000 hectares of existing BINHI plantations across EDC project sites were protected and maintained.
Forest Protection entails all EDC initiatives to protect the forests and watershed areas inside the geothermal reservations where the company operates. This includes forest patrol and enforcement of forestry laws, forest fire management and control and IEC with communities in its geothermal project sites: Albay and Sorsogon, Leyte; Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental; and North Cotabato and Davao del Sur.
In partnership with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), Philippine National Police (PNP), Local Government Units and people’s organizations, a total of 34,770 hectares of watershed areas within the development blocks and identified conservation areas across geothermal project sites were prioritized for forest patrolling using the Lawin System, a technology-based forest and biodiversity protection system that uses smartphones to capture patrol data on biodiversity and threats and open-source technology for geo-spatial analysis.
In 2019, EDC, DENR, and other partners conducted more than 600 patrols across the four geothermal reservations, resulting in six apprehensions and confiscations of illegal forest products. EDC also provided around 400 man-hours of training for its community volunteers and partner agencies (AFP, PNP) on forest law enforcement, Lawin patrolling, forest fire prevention and response, and other aspects of forest protection. The Company also supported Information, Education and Communication (IEC) campaigns to increase awareness of local communities on the importance of forests and biodiversity, and environmental laws.
CR - Critically Endangered ; EN- Endangered ; VU - Vulnerable ; NT - Near Threatened ; LC - Least Concern
A category containing those species that possess an extremely high risk of extinction as a result of rapid population declines of 80 to more than 90 percent over the previous 10 years (or three generations), a current population size of fewer than 50 individuals, or other factors (International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN))
▷Pithecophaga jefferyi – Philippine Eagle (photo above)
▷ Gallicolumba keayi – Negros Bleeding-heart
▷ Sus cebifrons – Visayan Warty Pig
A designation applied to species that possess a very high risk of extinction as a result of rapid population declines of 50 to more than 70 percent over the previous 10 years (or three generations), a current population size of fewer than 250 individuals, or other factors (International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN))
▷ Nisaetus philippensis – North Philippine Hawk-eagle (photo above)
▷ Lonchura oryzivora – Java Sparrow
▷ Dasycrotapha speciosa – Flame-templed Babbler
▷ Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus – Yellow-faced Flameback
▷ Gorsachius goisagi – Japanese Night Heron
▷ Nisaetus pinskeri – South Philippine Hawk-eagle
▷ Penelopides panini – Visayan Hornbill
▷ Vauriella albigularis – White-throated Jungle Flycatcher
▷ Zosterornis nigrorum – Negros Striped Babbler
▷ Acerodon jubatus – Golden-crowned Flying Fox (photo above)
▷ Nyctimene rabori – Philippine Tube-nosed Fruit Bat
▷ Amphiprion clarkii – Yellowtail clownfish
▷ Platymantis hazelae – Hazel’s Forest Frog
▷ Cervus alfredi – Visayan Spotted Deer (photo above)
▷ Crocidura negrina – Negros Shrew